In Phase 5 children are introduced to new graphemes for Reading. Some of these graphemes represent phonemes (sounds) that they have already learnt a grapheme for. For example, in Phase 2 children were taught 'ai' as the grapheme for the phoneme /a/ (as in rain). In Phase 5, children are taught that the phoneme /a/ can also be represented by the graphemes 'ay' (as in 'play') or 'a-e' (as in 'make'). This 'variation' needs to be taught as it is common in our language system.
New graphemes taught in Phase 5:
|a-e (as in came)||ir (as in girl)|
|au (as in Paul)||o-e (as in bone)|
|aw (as in saw)||oe (as in toe)|
|ay (as in day)||ou (as in out)|
|e-e (as in these)||oy (as in boy)|
|ea (as in sea)||ph (as in phonics)|
|ew (as in chew)**||u-e (as in June)***|
|ew (as in stew)**||u-e (as in huge)***|
|ey (as in money)||ue (as in clue) ****|
|i-e (as in like)||ue (as in due)****|
|ie (as in pie)||wh (as in when)|
* / ** / *** / **** / ***** These graphemes can all respresent more than one sound. Often the differences are quite subtle but they are there.