Skip to content ↓

Phase 5

In Phase 5 children are introduced to new graphemes for Reading. Some of these graphemes represent phonemes (sounds) that they have already learnt a grapheme for. For example, in Phase 2 children were taught 'ai' as the grapheme for the phoneme /a/ (as in rain). In Phase 5, children are taught that the phoneme /a/ can also be represented by the graphemes 'ay' (as in 'play') or 'a-e' (as in 'make'). This 'variation' needs to be taught as it is common in our language system.

New graphemes taught in Phase 5:

a-e (as in came) ir (as in girl)
au (as in Paul) o-e (as in bone)
aw (as in saw) oe (as in toe)
ay (as in day) ou (as in out)
e-e (as in these) oy (as in boy)
ea (as in sea) ph (as in phonics)
ew (as in chew)** u-e (as in June)***
ew (as in stew)** u-e (as in huge)***
ey (as in money) ue (as in clue) ****
i-e (as in like) ue (as in due)****
ie (as in pie) wh (as in when)

 * / ** / *** / **** / ***** These graphemes can all respresent more than one sound. Often the differences are quite subtle but they are there.

Phase 5 Sounds Mat | Teaching Resources