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Reading at Maybury

Please click here to read about how we teach phonics and early reading at Maybury.

During our Cracking Comprehension sessions and Reading Roundabout sessions we teach explicit VIPERS skills. These reading sessions are separate from our Literacy lessons, although texts may complement literacy or another curriculum areas.  During a typical Reading Roundabout session, the teacher will plan a guided reading session and independent activities that are linked to VIPERS skills. They will share which VIPER skill the children will be focusing on for that session, using displays to reinforce learning.

VIPERS (Vocabulary, Infer, Predict, Explain, Retrieve, Sequence or Summarise)

Children are explicitly taught the skills of reading (as outlined in the National Curriculum) through the use of VIPERS which were created by Rob Smith (The Literacy Shed).

The Reading Vipers can be used by both KS1 and KS2 with a little adaption. The main difference being in the S.

Sequence -  KS1

Summarise - KS2

In KS1, ‘Explain’; is not one of the key areas however, it asks children why they have come to a certain conclusion, to explain their preferences, thoughts and opinions about a text.

In KS2, the Explain section covers the additional national curriculum contents of 2F, 2G and 2H which are not in KS1.


Key Stage 1

 In Key Stage One children reading skills are taught and practised using VIPERS during Reading Roundabout session and Reading sessions.

 KS1 Curriculum Reference

1a draw on knowledge of vocabulary to understand texts


1b identify/ explain key aspects of fiction and non-fiction, such as characters, events, titles and information.


1c identify and explain the sequences of events in texts


1d make inferences from the text


1e predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far



Key Stage 2

In Key Stage Two children reading skills are taught and practised using VIPERS during Reading Roundabout session and Reading sessions.

KS2 Content Domain Reference

2a Give/explain the meaning of words in context


2b retrieve and record information/ identify key details from fiction and non/fiction


2c summarise main ideas from more than one paragraph


2d make inferences from the text/ explain and justify inferences with evidence from the text


2e predict what might happen from details stated or implied


2f identify/explain how information/ narrative content is related and contributes to meaning as a whole


2g identify/explain how meaning is enhanced through choice of words and phrases


2h make comparisons within a text